There is a high demand for cannabis in Canada after the legalization of recreational marijuana. Here in this article, we’re going to take a look at a couple of aspects identified with cannabis in Canada, including the history, laws, and regulations and where to buy cannabis seeds in Canada.
Get ready to embark on this wonderful ride!
Marijuana has an interesting history in Canada, even if it is somewhat short compared to numerous other parts of the world.
- 1 History of Cannabis in Canada
- 2 Recreational Cannabis in Canada
- 3 Medical Marijuana in Canada
- 4 Where To Buy Cannabis In Canada
- 5 Can I Buy Cannabis in Canada if I’m a Visitor?
- 6 How has COVID-19 Influenced Cannabis in Canada?
- 7 To Sum Up
History of Cannabis in Canada
The government of Canada added marijuana in the Confidential Restricted List in 1923 under the Narcotics Drug Act Amendment Bill after an imprecise reference to a “new drug” throughout a late-night session of the House of Commons April 23, 1923.
Mainly, the government launched the Act to Prohibit the Improper Use of Opium and other Drugs; this was a consolidation of other legislation listed three new drugs, including marijuana.
During the 1960s, marijuana use began to spread quickly. From 1930-1946, the RCMP just made 25 cannabis-related arrests. That ratio increased to 2,300 in 1968, and 12,000 in 1972. The largest demographic of marijuana users by then was white-collar class, college students.
Gallup polls in the 80s indicated that cannabis use seemed to be stabilizing, but rates of use rose dramatically in the 90s.
Historical Use of Medical Marijuana
Marijuana for medical use was legalized in Canada in 2001 with the Marihuana Medical Access Regulations. Following this decision, a series of legal disputes affirmed Canadians’ rights to use cannabis for medical usage but left to advance the legalization or decriminalization of this drug.
Prime Minister Jean Chrétien’s administration initiated a bill in 2003 that would have decriminalized the possession of cannabis to a maximum of 15 grams.
After Justin Trudeau was chosen Prime Minister in 2015, he formed the Task Force on Marijuana Legalization and Regulation in order to examine the process for legalization.
In December 2016, the task force released a 106-page report, which was (and still is) accessible to people in general.
The report spread out processes and considerations for legalization and the people noticed it when the government composed the final legislation.
The Cannabis Act, known as Bill C-45, was passed in June 2018, and cannabis officially became legal on October 17, 2018. This made Canada the second country in modern times to legalize cannabis, with Uruguay being the first.
Recreational Cannabis in Canada
Despite the abundance of dispensaries in major cities across the country, and the skunky smell floating across open parks on sunny days, cannabis was illegal in Canada for almost 80 years.
However, the Cannabis Act passed in the Senate on June 19, 2018, and cannabis for recreational use officially got legal on October 17, 2018.
Canadians of legal age, 18 or 19, depending on the province or territory, can access fresh or dried marijuana strains and cannabis oil from a provincially or territorially controlled retailer and plants or seeds if the province or territory allows home growing.
In provinces that still can’t seem to authorize retailers, adults of legal age can purchase products directly from provincial wholesalers online.
Adults of legal age can have as much as 30 grams of legal marijuana out in the open and share that same sum with other adults. Canadians can cultivate up to four cannabis plants per household, aside from Quebec and Manitoba, where home growing is prohibited. They can use legally buy cannabis to make edibles at home for personal use.
An alteration to the Cannabis Act enables the sale of edibles and concentrates “no later than 12 months” after legalization, which would be October 17, 2019.
The Regulations Proposed by Health Canada
Health Canada released proposed regulations for commercially-delivered edibles, beverages, concentrates, vape pens, oral sprays with higher potencies and tinctures. Proposed rules are as following:
- Alcohol can’t be mixed with cannabis edibles or beverages. Included vitamins and minerals also won’t be allowed.
- Edibles, beverages, and concentrates will be limited to 10 mg of THC per container or package. Extracts and topicals cannot surpass 1,000 mg of THC.
- Edibles and beverages have limits on caffeine, while extracts can’t contain any caffeine or nicotine. Sugars, colors, or sweeteners also cannot be added to extracts.
- Topicals will be for use on skin, hair, and nails, and must contain just cosmetic grade ingredients. Topicals cannot make health or cosmetic claims.
In general, products “must not be appealing to kids” and must have direct and youngster resistant packaging.
Medical Marijuana in Canada
Here’s a name you should know: Terrence Parker. While not a household name, he was conducive in spearheading the right to access medicinal cannabis, after a series of landmark legal battles for patients’ constitutional rights.
The epileptic man was arrested and charged with possession numerous times, dating back to 1987. Parker had attempted ordinary medicine and underwent surgery to help with his condition but found that smoking cannabis was the primary treatment to reduce his seizures drastically.
Since he couldn’t access cannabis, he grew the plants himself. The R. V. Parker case eventually landed in the Ontario Court of Appeal, which decided that prohibiting Parker from owning and producing cannabis for personal use to treat his condition denied him his right to freedom and security. This precedent finally overruled marijuana prohibition in Canada for medical users.
The MMAR program
Marihuana Medical Access Regulations propelled in 2001 by the government granted legal access to cannabis for Canadians who couldn’t find alleviation through regular treatment.
This implied patients needed to get authorization from a doctor to grow their cannabis, or they could get it simply from Health Canada.
The MMAR eventually turned into the Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations (MMPR) in 2013. Under the new system, Health Canada regulated but didn’t supply or distribute cannabis. Here’s how it worked:
Patients got medical documentation from a doctor and then bought their cannabis through government-licensed producers. Health Canada’s responsibility shifted to ensuring product quality and safe facilities rather than distribution. And Canada’s business cannabis market was born.
In 2016, the system changed indeed as a result of a legal dispute. In Allard V. Canada, the court managed the MMPR disregarded Canadians’ right to reasonable marijuana access for medicinal purposes. That prompted yet another medical cannabis program, along with a totally different set of acronyms.
The latest Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations doesn’t change doctors’ roles, and patients still approach LPs. But enrollees who need to grow their own plants must presently register for a license.
The quantity of plants patients can grow depends on their prescribed dosage and the average sum created by a cannabis plant. Every gram of prescribed dried cannabis equals five indoor plants or two outdoor plants.
Canadian Cannabis Act Violation Penalties
Here is a brief description of the likely penalties for different violations of the Canadian Cannabis Act:
- Possession over the limitation: Maximum jail sentence of 5 years.
- Illegal sale or distribution of cannabis: Maximum of 14 years in prison.
- Producing a measure of marijuana past the legal limitations or with the usage of combustible solvents: Maximum jail term of 14 years.
- Taking cannabis across the Canadian border: Prison term of as long as 14 years.
- Using a teen to commit a marijuana-related offense, or giving/selling it to a minor: Up to 14 years in prison.
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Where To Buy Cannabis In Canada
There are two ways to purchase cannabis in Canada: medically or recreationally. Anybody of legal age who wants to use cannabis for medicinal purposes must be registered with the Canadian government under the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR).
They can do this through a healthcare practitioner. Those wishing to use cannabis recreationally can purchase online or in stores, depending on the province or territory. You can still buy cannabis through other means, none of which are legal.
Buying Options For Medical and Recreational Marijuana in Canada
Despite well-known misconceptions, clinics aren’t the same as dispensaries and do not sell or supply marijuana. Clinics are a place where you go to get official permission from a doctor to access cannabis for medical purposes legally, so you would then be able to order the product online.
There are many steps to get registered for a medical cannabis license under the ACMPR (Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations).
Initially, you need to consult a doctor or nurse about specific ailments. If they approve your request, they will round out a form with your information; then they send it to a licensed producer(LP).
If they’re new to the process, they could allude you to a cannabinoid clinic. You can also search the Canadian directory to find one—the team of expert doctors who specialize in prescribing cannabis form this clinic.
When authorized, you’ll legally be allowed to purchase a set measure of cannabis flower or oil per month, which varies with every person depending on their condition for which doctors treat them.
The process involves signing up online and placing an order when purchasing through an LP. When they send your order, they send it to your address in several days.
Online Seed Banks
All provinces and regions have online stores where Canadians of legal age can purchase their cannabis. The site is either run secretly or by the provincial or territorial government, depending on the region.
Before entering the site, the customer must verify their age. They will also be required to give ID once the product is delivered. For the first year of legalized cannabis, the leading cannabis products available were oil and flower and, in some regions, seeds.
From October 17, 2019, the correction to the Cannabis Act allowed for the sale of edibles and concentrates.
This means products like edibles, beverages, concentrates, vape pens, oral sprays with higher potencies than the limitation of 30 mg of THC per mL, and tinctures are most presumably available, pending a review by Health Canada. Read about the TOP 10 BEST CANADIAN SEED BANKS Here!
These are illegal storefronts in the most major Canadian cities where customers are served by attendants, sometimes called “budtenders,” who help choose the right strain or product.
Numerous dispensaries ask customers to present ID when entering to verify the person is of legal age. Some require first-time customers to round out a questionnaire about their health or consult with a doctor or nurse in person or online to access membership for the dispensary.
Sometimes there’s also an expense associated with membership, and after becoming a part, your information will be kept on the document. But despite all these proper steps — including sometimes charging charge on purchases—these businesses are not legal.
All things considered, the city has given license to some dispensaries in Vancouver, putting them in more of a gray zone. A significant number of these dispensaries intend to remain open after recreational cannabis is legalized.
Here is a list to buy legal marijuana from the provincial government’s online store:
Online MOMs – Mail-Order Marijuana
Quick research will turn up dozens of non-LP subsidiary websites selling cannabis online. These are known as MOMs, a cutesy abbreviation for mail-order marijuana.
To ensure they’re not selling to minors, these online dispensaries require the customer to scan and email a bit of photo ID to verify they’re of legal age.
Despite these legit-seeming precautions, few sites are illegal and unregistered. That means there is no real way to verify the quality of the product or your protection. So order at your own risk!
While Bill C-45 (the Cannabis Act) of the federal government legalized cannabis across the country, it left distribution and additional restrictions in the hands of the provinces.
So, before you purchase legal cannabis online, make sure to check out your province’s rules regarding buying and storing cannabis.
Every province has slightly different rules dictating how to purchase weed online in Canada. Some regions allow consumers to buy directly from private cannabis retailers’ websites.
Others (such as BC, Ontario, Quebec, and New Brunswick) have a single government-run website where you can legally purchase cannabis.
Can I Buy Cannabis in Canada if I’m a Visitor?
Marijuana tourism depends upon skyrocket as weed lovers worldwide fly to Canada to try Marijuana. The implementation of the Canadian Cannabis Act is primarily related to the United States as it shares a long border with Canada.
The good thing is that you are legally permitted to buy cannabis in Canada while traveling from the United States or any other place in the world.
It would be best to comply with all Canadian laws regarding sale, possession, cultivation, and use. In other words, if you are at any rate 19 years of age, you can safely buy as much as 30 grams of weed and consume it in a private residence, regardless of what part of Canada you are in.
It becomes a little more confusing when it comes to where cannabis use is permitted. As we previously stated, you can smoke marijuana anywhere that tobacco usage is allowed in provinces such as Nova Scotia.
However, in Ontario and other provinces, you can just use it in private residences.
Suppose you are used to the strict regulations in American airports, in that case, you will be glad to know that it is now possible to legally convey cannabis on a plane between two cities in Canadia. But you have to comply with all possession and age regulations.
This indicates you can bring an ounce of weed on a plane from Vancouver to Montreal, for instance. You can also pack marijuana in your checked bag on domestic planes. You can order mail marijuana from one Canadian town to another!
A Word of Caution!
Before you get too comfortable, remember this: What happens in Canada stays in Canada!
In other words, you are NOT authorized to transport marijuana from Canada to the United States or some other country. This is the case even if you live in a state such as California, where recreational marijuana is legal.
COVID-19 may have required further progress to be postponed, but cannabis is still stirring and well in Canada. And future travelers who still need to have a stylish (and legal) experience once the pandemic is over can make a trip to Canada and do so with relative ease.
As the last thought, we think you should know this!
How has COVID-19 Influenced Cannabis in Canada?
The Coronavirus has left a significant influence on the industry all in all, as Canadian general health officials continue to change their guidelines on what lockdown procedures resemble.
Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, numerous provinces have attempted to reexamine their rules related to marijuana delivery. So far, one thing that has been launched is a click and pick ordering program: This is how it works: Pay online and Receive your order!
Fortunately, the authorities have instructed most of the recreational cannabis stores in Canada to keep them open by their provincial governments throughout the corona-virus outbreak as they have been considered essential businesses.
While delivery programs are still not completely functional, things could change in the coming months, so stay tuned.
To Sum Up
As of now, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau cautioned Canadians that because of the realities of COVID-19 and the social-distancing and self-isolation measures, some businesses and services might remain closed for another 12 to year and a half.
It has intended for Canadians and businesses in the tourism sector, and the cannabis industry, in general, has been changing step by step.
We hope you would find the article useful when you think of buying cannabis seeds in Canada. Want to read more articles on marijuana? Visit our website Here!