Buy Cannabis in Turkey – A Complete Buying Guide in 2020

420 Expert Advisor has brought you another interesting buying guide with all the information you have to know if you need to buy cannabis in Turkey!

Turkey is one of the few countries that is on two continents. Its unique history is the reason why so many people from the country are strong patriots, proud of their nation. 

This country is also perhaps the oldest home of marijuana, with newly discovered proof indicates that Turkish land had witnessed this herb even before it encountered modern human civilization. 

Turkey is also one of the wealthiest and most developed nations in Europe. Therefore, you might be thinking it safe to assume that cannabis possession, use, selling, buying, and cultivating are all legal or, at least, not punished here. 

But is that really true? If you are a weed-loving resident of Turkey, chances are you definitely know the answer to the question. 

However, if you are a tourist planning a visit, you might need to read the rest of this buying guide.

Here is everything you have to think about marijuana in Turkey in 2020.

Marijuana Roots in the History of Turkey 

Evidence suggests that marijuana was cultivated in Turkey as long ago as 1,000 BC. Throughout the history of this country, hemp was generally grown and valued for its numerous uses. 

Cannabis in TurkeyThe use of ”hashish” was also culturally acknowledged for some centuries. Indeed, the Sufi form of Islam utilized cannabis in their ceremonies, and coffee houses across the country permitted it on their premises. 

This situation changed in the 1900s. In 1925, Turkey, along with Egypt, demanded for the inclusion of marijuana in the Geneva International Convention on Narcotics Control

Cultivation of industrial hemp likewise decreased, thanks mainly to the growing popularity of synthetic fibers. In 1961, Turkey had 35,000 acres given to growing cannabis. The number had shrunk to just 11.3 acres in 2017!

Throughout the last 50% of the 1900s, cannabis was regarded as a danger to general health. However, ongoing developments suggest a change in opinion. 

The introduction of medical cannabis recognizes the plant’s ability to ease symptoms associated with various health conditions. 

Politicians and the Turkish individuals also invited Erdogan’s decision to start growing industrial hemp again.

Shipping Lanes to Europe 

Because of its geographical area, Turkey has historically must be proactive in controlling drug trafficking. Acting as a ”gateway” between the Middle-East and Europe, it’s a well-known area for illegal drugs to be smuggled into the continent. 

For this reason, the general opinion of cannabis has been mostly negative in the past. Figures show that young individuals in Turkey use it far less than their fellow European counterparts.

Cannabis is becoming more famous in metropolitan areas, though, even though it is illegal.

Federal Drug Laws in Turkey 

Cannabis in TurkeyAlthough surrounded by countries and territories that have legalized or decriminalized marijuana or tolerate those who use it, Turkey remains staunch in its conservative stand against the spice. 

The Turkish Penal Code defines prison sentences of 1-2 years for those who purchase, get, cultivate, or possess drugs for personal use. There is also the alternative of treatment and/or probation of as long as three years.

If drug users deny treatment or do not agree to their probation requirements, the courts can impose a prison sentence. 

No punishment will apply if a reliant user requests treatment before the inspection.

In some cases, it is ok if the healthcare professionals do not report the offense.

Medical Marijuana Laws in Turkey 

Medical use of marijuana is legal in Turkey. But, it is allowed only if the patient has a prescription from a registered health expert. Patients cannot buy cannabis buds, whether they have a prescription or not. 

The Turkish Ministry of Health included Sativex to its ‘importable medicines’ list in February 2017, enabling pharmacies to order the product from abroad. CBD oils are also generally available. 

In 2016, the government legalized the production of marijuana for medical purposes in 19 provinces across the nation. These included Amasya, Malatya, Izmir, and Antalya, among others. The government will rigorously monitor the plantations. 

The authorities will do inspections every month before the harvest season, and all leftover parts of the plant after harvesting must be disposed of cautiously. 

How to Get a Prescription For Medical Marijuana?

Cannabis in TurkeyYou must be assessed by a Turkish doctor who is authorized to issue ”red” prescriptions to get a prescription for medical marijuana. The doctor can guide this type of prescript to medications that contain narcotics. 

When the doctor gives a prescription, the patient may obtain cannabis-based medicines such as Sativex or CBD oils. Presently, the county import these products. 

However, in 2016, many businessmen have established the cannabis production facilities across the country, which means Turkey should produce its own medicine later on. 

Usually, the government allows this medical cannabis just for patients who have attempted other forms of treatment and discovered them to be ineffective. 

Is CBD Legal in Turkey? 

Many individuals are confused as to whether CBD oil is legal in Turkey. The official line seems to be legal, but just if the THC ratio of the oil is 0.2% or less. 

Some medical products containing CBD oil are available at pharmacies as well, and some doctors are happy to prescribe them.

Possession and Consumption Rules for Cannabis in Turkey 

Turkish law generally has severe penalties for those caught with cannabis in their possession. The Turkish Penal Code states that the authorities will give prison sentences to those who possess or purchase cannabis. At present, the sentence is for two to five years. 

Offenders have the choice to have treatment instead of a jail order. If the offender request treatment from a doctor before the police arrest him/her, the doctor is not legally required to report them to the police. 

The offender can also choose probation as an option in contrast to prison (as long as three years). However, recurrent offenders cannot choose probation a second time. 

If cannabis users reject treatment or fail to keep to their probation requirements, the Turkish courts would then be able to issue a prison sentence. 

Is CBD Legal in Turkey? 

Many individuals are confused as to whether CBD oil is legal in Turkey. The official line seems to be legal, but just if the THC ratio of the oil is 0.2% or less. 

Some medical products containing CBD oil are available at pharmacies as well, and some doctors are happy to prescribe them.

Possession and Consumption Rules for Cannabis in Turkey 

Turkish law generally has severe penalties for those caught with cannabis in their possession. The Turkish Penal Code states that the authorities will give prison sentences to those who possess or purchase cannabis. The authorities have fixed the sentence for two to five years. 

Offenders have the choice to have treatment instead of a jail order. If the offender request treatment from a doctor before the police arrest him/her, the doctor is not legally required to report them to the police. 

The offender can also choose probation as an option in contrast to prison (as long as three years). However, recurrent offenders cannot choose probation a second time. 

If cannabis users reject treatment or fail to keep to their probation requirements, the Turkish courts would then be able to issue a prison sentence. 

Cultivation of Weed Plant in Turkey – Legal or Not?

Cannabis in Turkey

Officials burning Cannabis seized from PKK

The Turkish government permitted cannabis production in 19 provinces across the country in 2016. All cannabis farms in these areas are government-controlled, and authorized farmers must get free of all parts of the plant after harvesting to make sure it isn’t sold on as a psychoactive drug. 

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan reported in 2019 that the country would also start to grow industrial hemp later on.

He commented that he is calling out to his country; let’s start the process to grow industrial hemp. Everyone will see that industrial hemp has many benefits in a wide range of areas.

However, it is illegal to grow cannabis at home, even if it is just for personal use. 

Are the Sales and Supply of Weed Allowed in Turkey? 

Turkey’s range presents an exceptional situation in terms of cannabis supply. Situated close to drug-producing countries in the Middle-East, it acts as a gateway for weed dealers to supply illegally in Europe.

There is significant pressure on the Turkish government to manage this trafficking, and as such, the penalties are harsh. 

The import and export of marijuana can end in a prison sentence of 20 to 30 years. Selling or supplying it inside the country means a sentence of 10 years or more.

It increases to 15 years or over if the offender has sold it to a minor. Synthetic cannabinoids result in an extended sentence (of half).

Moreover, if the supplier has a legally regulated activity (e.g., doctor, pharmacist), the judge might increase the sentence.

Buy Cannabis Seeds in Turkey 

The purchase of weed seeds is illegal in Turkey, aside from if you are a licensed grower.

Even if you are a medicinal marijuana patient with a legitimate prescription, you still should not be buying seeds for yourself. 

Residents typically purchase marijuana seeds in Tarlabasi. However, if you are a tourist and/or traveling alone, you might need to keep Tarlabasi separate from your plan because the place can be quite dangerous to those new to the territory. 

You can instead go to such areas as Beyoglu and Taksim Square. There are a lot of cafes and bars there where you can easily purchase weed. You can also order online and settle on discreet shipping.

For that, we suggest you order from reliable seed banks such as Crop King Seeds, ILGM, Sensi Seeds, or MSNL.

Read More: Top 10 Best Marijuana Seed Banks 

Marijuana Culture in Turkey

Despite its illegal status and harsh penalties, weed continues to attract the Turkish public, particularly young adults. In fact, approximately 15% to 20% of residents smoke weed on a regular basis!

If you are happy to risk spending the following two years of your life in a Turkish jail, then you can easily find weed for recreational use out on the streets. 

People know cannabis with different names such as “esrar” or “kesh” in this country, whereas for hashish, they have names like “kubar” or “toz esrar.”

There’s no need to say that you should keep your transactions hidden, mainly if it is your first time in Turkey or buying marijuana in the country.

You need to be aware of street delears who can trap you and get you money in exchange of nothing but weed like stuff. There are also chances that undercover cops might catch you red handed! 

You need to be ready with a couple of bucks to pay off the authorities if the police find you. It doesn’t mean that all Turkish policemen are corrupt, but you can negotiate with a few.

Marijuana in the Politics of Turkey 

Up until now, most of Turkey’s political parties adopted an anti-cannabis stance. However, President Erdogan’s ongoing change of heart regarding industrial hemp production reflects a shift in general opinion. 

His ongoing comments about “enemies of Turkey who pretend to be friends” is thought to be focused on the US, who encouraged Turkey to make cannabis production illegal.

In an offer to change the Turkish individuals’ attitudes to cannabis, the government television station (TRT) started airing infomercials about the advantages of hemp production.

New Innovations Regarding Cannabis in Turkey 

Cannabis in TurkeyIndustrial hemp production is an appealing opportunity for businesses in Turkey. The plant offers an excellent chance for innovation – the fact that some companies are as of now capitalizing on it. 

Turkish venture firm TechnoArge has built up an airport X-beam scanner that utilizes a cannabis-based composite. This stops radiation emissions and improves the safety of the surrounding condition.

The organization is also working on a bullet-proof vest, using the same composite. It makes the vest far lighter and more sturdy than the vests usually accepted at present. 

Will Cannabis Legalization Help with the Economy of the Country? 

In 2019, the top of the Cannabis Institute of the Center for Eurasian Strategic Studies predicted that Turkey could gain as much as $100bn by 2030, just from controlled cannabis production!

They also highlighted the different uses of the plant, for instance, in paper manufacture, textile production, plastic production, biodiesel, and more. 

Turkey has succeeded in modifying an illegal industry into a feasible market opportunity before. Poppy production got legal in Turkey in the 1970s, and poppy farms began opening soon after.

The opioids contained in poppies have gotten vital to pharmaceutical companies across the world; demand remains high. This increase in demand has helped Turkey’s economy. 

The Future of Cannabis in Turkey 

At present, there is no sign that the Turkish government plans to decriminalize the recreational use of marijuana. Penalties for being found in possession of marijuana, even for personal use, are moderately harsh. 

However, President Erdogan’s decision to legalize industrial hemp production marks a distinct transformation. By recognizing the economic value of cannabis, this may bring about a change in open perception. 

Last Thoughts 

With one foot in Asia and another in Europe, Turkey is still far from following its Western neighbors into a more lenient stand on cannabis. 

Although still almost hard when it comes to marijuana, Turkey has gained impressive ground as of late. At present, the government allows possession, selling, buying, and growing marijuana for medical (and in some cases, “scientific”) purposes. 

Recreational cannabis use and related activities remain entirely illegal, and fines and prison times are formidable.

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